|Pablo Picasso, La bouteille de Suze (Bottle of Suze) 1912|
movement: Synthetic Cubism
Assemblage started with Synthetic Cubism, a movement that further flattened the space of Cubist painting by introducing recognizable collage elements. Fragments of newspaper, product labels, wallpaper, etc... were used not only as a formal element of texture and color, but also as familiar objects - undisguised.
The absurdity that could result from decontextualizing everyday objects within an artwork was enthusiastically explored by Dada and Surrealist artists. They saw a world that no longer made sense, at least not in the old way. Industrialization meant that machines were replacing humans and WWI sent home soldiers that were literally pieced back together.
|Max Ernst, "Fruit d'une Longue Experience" (Fruit of a Long Experience) 1919|
|Kurt Schwitters, "Merzbild Rossfett" 1919|
|Robert Rauschenberg, Combine|
Movement: Abstract Expressionism